Nord Stream #1,2以及爆炸的一些细节及猜测

来源: 2022-09-29 09:26:06 [] [博客] [旧帖] [给我悄悄话] 本文已被阅读: 次 (6503 bytes)

European leaders blame sabotage as gas pours into Baltic from Nord Stream pipelines

Aerial footage of leak in Danish waters from Nord Stream 1 pipeline – video

Sabotage is the most likely cause of leaks in two Baltic Sea gas pipelines between Russia and Europe, European leaders have said, after seismologists reported explosions around the Nord Stream pipelines.

A seismograph on the Danish island of Bornholm, near where the leaks occurred, twice recorded spikes on Monday, the day on which the Nord Stream 1 and 2 gas pipelines underwent dramatic falls in pressure, the German geological research centre GFZ said.

A Danish military flight over the leaks brought back striking images from the ruptures, including one showing an area of bubbling gas a kilometre wide on the sea’s surface.

Explosions reportedly damage Nord Stream pipelines causing gas leaks in the Baltic Sea

GFZ declined to be drawn on whether the tremors recorded could have been the result of an explosion but scientists at the research centre ruled out the possibility that the leaks could have been caused by earthquakes.

A seismologist quoted by Swedish television suggested the activity may have been the result of explosions. Björn Lund, director of the Swedish National Seismic Network, SNSN, which measures Swedish earthquakes and explosions, told the SVT television channel that the event – one of which registered a magnitude of 2.3 – may have been caused by undersea detonations.

“Breakage of gas pipelines is extremely rare”, Danish authorities said in a statement. The steel pipe itself has a wall of 4.1 cm (1.6 inches) and is coated with steel-reinforced concrete up to 11cm thick. Each section of the pipe weighs 11 tonnes, which goes to 24-25 tonnes after the concrete is applied.

One UK insider speculated that any explosions were unlikely to have been caused by a submarine or underwater vehicle, because their presence would have been detected in the relatively shallow Baltic waters. Sections of the pipelines are between 80 metres and 110 metres deep.

An alternative scenario could be that mines were dropped from a disguised commercial vessel days or weeks ahead of the attack, then remotely detonated to cause the explosions. But the latter scenario was entirely hypothetical, they stressed.

The day of drama began when the Danish energy agency said it had found the leaks on the Nord Stream 1 pipeline north-east of the island of Bornholm, and a third in the Nord Stream 2 pipeline in Swedish waters south-east of the island. “This is not a small crack. It’s a really big hole,” the energy agency said.

A five-mile exclusion zone for shipping has been set up around Bornholm, and flights below 1,000 metres have been banned in the area. Methane, the primary component of natural gas, partially dissolves in water, is not toxic and creates no hazard when inhaled in limited quantities.

Nord Stream AG, the pipeline operator, had on Monday morning reported an unexpected overnight drop of pressure from 105 to 7 bar in Nord Stream 2, which is filled with gas but was cancelled by Olaf Scholz, the German chancellor, shortly before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

A further drop of pressure was reported on Monday afternoon in Nord Stream 1, which Russia shut down indefinitely at the start of September, initially saying it needed repairs.

With three separate leaks almost simultaneously, with some distance between them, it was “difficult to imagine” it was a random accident, Frederiksen said at a short press conference during a visit to Poland, where she was participating in the opening of the Baltic Pipe gas pipeline.

The news magazine Der Spiegel, quoting government sources, said officials were not ruling out sabotage, designed to cause further uncertainty on Europe’s energy markets.

Since no gas has flowed through either of the pipelines since the start of the month, German authorities have been quick to reassure people that the leaks will not affect its plan to fill gas storage tanks in time for winter.

Environmental NGOs said the leaks were likely to cause large-scale damage to the environment. “As soon as methane in gas form raises from the surface of the sea into the atmosphere, it will massively contribute to the greenhouse effect,” said Sascha Müller-Kraenner of the pressure group Environmental Action Germany.

 




更多我的博客文章>>>

所有跟帖: 

仅看气候变化,赶紧和谈吧,任何的战争,释放的温室气体都将是难以计数的。一举将西方多少年的减排抹平, -枫林晓- 给 枫林晓 发送悄悄话 枫林晓 的博客首页 枫林晓 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 09:34:39

俄罗斯脱不了干系, 不是自己干的就是有人想嫁祸俄罗斯 -移花接木- 给 移花接木 发送悄悄话 移花接木 的博客首页 移花接木 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 09:55:25

俄罗斯可以关闭源头管道阀门,他们连核弹都上阵了,不会再阀门这件事儿上,抱琵芭半遮面。管线断了,而少了谈判砝码。没有益处。 -枫林晓- 给 枫林晓 发送悄悄话 枫林晓 的博客首页 枫林晓 的个人群组 (106 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 10:01:24

+1 俄罗斯停供即可,没必要炸管道 -盈盈一笑间- 给 盈盈一笑间 发送悄悄话 盈盈一笑间 的博客首页 盈盈一笑间 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 17:08:55

无人机干的 -妖妖灵- 给 妖妖灵 发送悄悄话 妖妖灵 的博客首页 妖妖灵 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 17:21:04

中国人的俗话叫背后捅刀子,你说明明可以证明一板砖,所以不必要背后捅刀子? -大西洋里来的人- 给 大西洋里来的人 发送悄悄话 大西洋里来的人 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/30/2022 postreply 05:16:00

Here is the WSJ report -kirn- 给 kirn 发送悄悄话 kirn 的博客首页 kirn 的个人群组 (885 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 09:46:46

北溪#1号2号天然气管道以及爆炸的一些细节及猜测 -移花接木- 给 移花接木 发送悄悄话 移花接木 的博客首页 移花接木 的个人群组 (5243 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 09:49:51

网上说只有美国有能力干。 不知道鱼死了多少。 -jianchi9090- 给 jianchi9090 发送悄悄话 jianchi9090 的博客首页 jianchi9090 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 15:54:53

拜登之前关于核战警告普京,重要的话说了3遍, don't don't don't 。这次是see see color? -盈盈一笑间- 给 盈盈一笑间 发送悄悄话 盈盈一笑间 的博客首页 盈盈一笑间 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 17:08:12

Nord stream pipeline有多深?谁能想到把它炸了呢? -妖妖灵- 给 妖妖灵 发送悄悄话 妖妖灵 的博客首页 妖妖灵 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 17:11:52

这是浅水区80-110米深度, 潜艇藏不住,无人机带不动那么大的武器 -移花接木- 给 移花接木 发送悄悄话 移花接木 的博客首页 移花接木 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/30/2022 postreply 04:54:33

技术上能干这事的就美俄两家,俄没任何动机,谁干的,只能是美帝 -llarry- 给 llarry 发送悄悄话 llarry 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 21:31:00

分析合理,站这里 -盈盈一笑间- 给 盈盈一笑间 发送悄悄话 盈盈一笑间 的博客首页 盈盈一笑间 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/30/2022 postreply 04:13:17

应该是环保组织 -ahniu- 给 ahniu 发送悄悄话 ahniu 的博客首页 ahniu 的个人群组 (76 bytes) () 09/30/2022 postreply 05:57:32

英法德美,包括波兰乌克兰的情报机构肯定知道谁干的 -Lucky_man- 给 Lucky_man 发送悄悄话 Lucky_man 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 09/30/2022 postreply 08:09:36

加跟帖:

  • 笔名:      密码: 保持登录状态一个月,直到我退出登录。
  • 标题:
  • 内容(可选项): [所见即所得|预览模式] [HTML源代码] [如何上传图片] [怎样发视频] [如何贴音乐]
回到顶部