9个令人惊讶的心脏病发作风险

来源: 2012-01-18 22:38:06 [] [博客] [旧帖] [给我悄悄话] 本文已被阅读: 次 (15183 bytes)
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9个令人惊讶的心脏病发作风险

低好胆固醇

7000人,由在美国印第安纳大学研究员带领的研究分析高密度脂蛋白胆固醇或好胆固醇,主要冠脉事件之间的关系。研究结论认为,低高密度脂蛋白是最强的预测冠脉事件前心脏疾病和年龄后,。
 
如果你是诊断与流感或其他呼吸道感染,心脏病发作的几率高五倍,在确诊后3天,比它否则会。究其原因:感染可能带来的炎症反应,它可以引发心脏病发作或中风。流感疫苗可能有助于防止感染引起的心脏压力。
 
老年患者在荷兰鹿特丹的一项研究发现,有弱的肾脏,即使没有完全成熟的肾脏疾病,可以把你在心脏病发作的风险显着高于的。


接触沉重的交通,无论您是乘坐汽车,自行车,公共交通,可能你的心脏病发作的风险增加一倍,根据德国的一项研究。另一个早期的研究发现,从心肺原因死亡居住在靠近一条主要道路中间高近两倍。


新西兰研究发现,妇女谁了五年一克柠檬酸钙有两次心脏病发作的风险。另一项研究发现,人(尤其是妇女在70岁)参加每天至少500毫克的钙高出了30%的心脏发作的风险比那些没有。
一个可能的原因可能是额外的钙质在动脉建立,但是,这尚未得到证实。 (咨询你的医生,如果你把补充钙质,一些研究表明,钙可以保护心脏。)

停止阿司匹林
 
许多研究表明,心脏病患者,至少一周后停止阿司匹林治疗或其他非类固醇消炎药(NSAIDs)在心脏病发作的风险增加。 “如果你有心脏疾病的风险,并要停止服用阿司匹林,医生的监督下逐步这样做,”马修索伦蒂诺,医学博士,在芝加哥大学的心脏病专家警告说。

前列腺癌的激素治疗,可以增加心脏病发作的猝死的可能性,根据2006年由哈佛医学院的研究人员观察研究。研究人员说,这一发现并不能证明两者之间,但考虑前列腺癌的治疗时,应该考虑的直接链接。


银屑病
 
“在某些患者,牛皮癣是一种与糖尿病的心脏病发作的危险因素,说:”乔尔M.盖尔芬德,皮肤科医师,宾夕法尼亚大学助理教授。严重的牛皮癣,皮肤状况,通常需要药物治疗,患者更可能吸烟,超重,有高血压,但盖尔芬德博士的研究表明,银屑病是一个独立危险因素。他指出,牛皮癣是一种自身免疫性疾病,可能会引起慢性炎症,它可以引发心脏病发作。

关系问题
 
一个与您的显著其他的负面关系可不好,你的心脏,从字面上。根据一项由伦敦大学学院的流行病学家的研究,关系问题您有34%的心脏病发作的风险。

 

9 Surprising Heart Attack Risks Health.com

 

Low Good Cholesterol

 

A study of nearly 7,000 people led by a researcher at Indiana University analyzed the relationship between HDL, or good cholesterol, and major coronary events. The study concluded that low HDL was the third strongest predictor of coronary events, after prior heart disease and age.

 

If you are diagnosed with flu or another respiratory tract infection, your odds of having a heart attack are five times higher during the three days after diagnosis than it would be otherwise. The reason: Infections can bring on an inflammatory response, which can trigger a heart attack or stroke. A flu vaccine may help protect against infection-induced heart stress.

 

A study of elderly patients in Rotterdam in the Netherlands found that having weak kidneys, even without full-blown kidney disease, can put you at a significantly higher risk for heart attack.

Exposure to heavy traffic—whether you're traveling by car, bike, or public transit—may double your risk of a heart attack, according to a German study. Another earlier study found that death from cardiopulmonary causes was nearly twice as high among people living close to a major road.

A New Zealand study found that women who took one gram of calcium citrate for five years had twice the risk for heart attack. A second study found that people (particularly women in their 70s) who took at least 500 milligrams of calcium daily had a 30% higher heart attack risk than those who did not.

One possible reason could be that extra calcium builds up in the arteries, however this has not yet been confirmed. (Consult your doctor if you take supplemental calcium; some research has suggested that calcium could protect the heart.)

 

Stopping Aspirin

 

Numerous studies have shown that heart patients are at an increased risk of heart attack for at least a week after stopping aspirin therapy or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). "If you have or are at risk for heart disease and want to stop taking aspirin, do so gradually and under the supervision of a doctor," warns Matthew Sorrentino, MD, a cardiologist at the University of Chicago.

 

Hormone treatment for prostate cancer can increase the likelihood of sudden death from heart attack, according to a 2006 observational study by researchers at Harvard Medical School. The researchers say the finding does not prove a direct link between the two but that it should be taken into account when considering prostate cancer treatment.

Psoriasis

 

"In certain patients, psoriasis is a risk factor for heart attack comparable to diabetes," says Joel M. Gelfand, MD, assistant professor of dermatology at the University of Pennsylvania. Patients with severe psoriasis, a skin condition that usually requires medical treatment, are more likely to smoke, be overweight, and have high blood pressure, but Dr. Gelfand's research shows that psoriasis is an independent risk factor. He points out that psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder that may cause chronic inflammation, which can trigger a heart attack.

Relationship Issues

 

A negative relationship with your significant other can be bad for your heart, literally. According to a study by epidemiologists at University College London, relationship problems can up your risk of having a heart attack by 34%.



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    机器翻译的,别提多别扭了 -TBz- 给 TBz 发送悄悄话 TBz 的博客首页 TBz 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 01/18/2012 postreply 23:06:02

    没摘全啊。我就记得其中一项是长吃钙片增加一倍的心脏病风险 -Manymore- 给 Manymore 发送悄悄话 Manymore 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 01/19/2012 postreply 10:01:33

    Title confusion,where are these 9 factors? -helloworld1000- 给 helloworld1000 发送悄悄话 helloworld1000 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 01/19/2012 postreply 13:07:34

    可以参考 -RCHZ- 给 RCHZ 发送悄悄话 RCHZ 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 01/19/2012 postreply 14:40:28

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