美国权威机构关于中风危险因素的说明,饮食是因素,但不是最主要的直接因素

来源: 2017-02-28 06:04:22 [] [博客] [旧帖] [给我悄悄话] 本文已被阅读: 次 (4897 bytes)

主要因素是

第一,高血压

第二,糖尿病

第三,心脏病

第四,吸烟

第五,年龄与性别

第六,种族

第七,家族病史

第八,脑血管畸形

“其他因素”包括:

饮酒、毒品、某些疾病、缺乏锻炼、肥胖、紧张抑郁、不健康的胆固醇指标、不健康的饮食习惯、服用某些药物等等。

High blood pressure. High blood pressure is the main risk factor for stroke. Blood pressure is considered high if it stays at or above 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) over time. If you have diabetes or chronic kidney disease, high blood pressure is defined as 130/80 mmHg or higher.

  • Diabetes. Diabetes is a disease in which the blood sugar level is high because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use its insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that helps move blood sugar into cells where it’s used for energy.
  • Heart diseasesCoronary heart diseasecardiomyopathyheart failure, and atrial fibrillation can cause blood clots that can lead to a stroke.
  • Smoking. Smoking can damage blood vessels and raise blood pressure. Smoking also may reduce the amount of oxygen that reaches your body’s tissues. Exposure to secondhand smoke also can damage the blood vessels.
  • Age and gender. Your risk of stroke increases as you get older. At younger ages, men are more likely than women to have strokes. However, women are more likely to die from strokes. Women who take birth control pills also are at slightly higher risk of stroke.
  • Race and ethnicity. Strokes occur more often in African American, Alaska Native, and American Indian adults than in white, Hispanic, or Asian American adults.
  • Personal or family history of stroke or TIA. If you’ve had a stroke, you’re at higher risk for another one. Your risk of having a repeat stroke is the highest right after a stroke. A TIA also increases your risk of having a stroke, as does having a family history of stroke.
  • Brain aneurysms or arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Aneurysms are balloon-like bulges in an artery that can stretch and burst. AVMs are tangles of faulty arteries and veins that can rupture (break open) within the brain. AVMs may be present at birth, but often aren’t diagnosed until they rupture.

Other risk factors for stroke, many of which of you can control, include:

  • Alcohol and illegal drug use, including cocaine, amphetamines, and other drugs
  • Certain medical conditions, such as sickle cell disease, vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels), and bleeding disorders
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Overweight and Obesity
  • Stress and depression
  • Unhealthy cholesterol levels
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), but not aspirin, may increase the risk of heart attack or stroke, particularly in patients who have had a heart attack or cardiac bypass surgery. The risk may increase the longer NSAIDs are used. Common NSAIDs include ibuprofen and naproxen.
  •  

所有跟帖: 

全球中风死亡率排名:印度尼西亚最高,瑞士最低,加拿大其次。中国很高,美国很低 -dudaan- 给 dudaan 发送悄悄话 dudaan 的博客首页 dudaan 的个人群组 (111 bytes) () 02/28/2017 postreply 06:17:46

最低的是最发达的国家+中南美洲的一些并不太发达的国家 -dudaan- 给 dudaan 发送悄悄话 dudaan 的博客首页 dudaan 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 02/28/2017 postreply 06:26:27

中风死亡率与医疗救治密切相关。有没有中风发病率啊? -jck66- 给 jck66 发送悄悄话 jck66 的博客首页 jck66 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 02/28/2017 postreply 06:37:49

高血压肯定是最重要的的因素 -Teetrinker- 给 Teetrinker 发送悄悄话 Teetrinker 的博客首页 Teetrinker 的个人群组 (191 bytes) () 02/28/2017 postreply 06:54:35

为什么会有这样的地域差异? -荷西- 给 荷西 发送悄悄话 荷西 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 02/28/2017 postreply 13:07:52

中风分出血型和梗塞型,出血型的死亡率超过70%,而梗塞型的死亡率低很多(有溶栓治疗)。从原因 -betadine- 给 betadine 发送悄悄话 betadine 的个人群组 (320 bytes) () 02/28/2017 postreply 14:18:01

thanks for sharing -天儿晴了- 给 天儿晴了 发送悄悄话 天儿晴了 的博客首页 天儿晴了 的个人群组 (0 bytes) () 03/01/2017 postreply 07:53:45

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