Paris Bijoux: Scientifiques Marie Curie & Pierre Curie
- Dédié à Mme Ding Zilin et tous les "Mères de Tiananmen Square", vous souhaite à tous bonne santé et longevous
Parigi Titbits: Scienziati Marie Curie e Pierre Curie
- Dedicato alla Signora Ding Zilin e tutti "Madre piazza Tiananmen", desidero salutare tutti voi e longevous
Paris Titbits: Scientists Marie Curie & Pierre Curie
- Dedicated to Ms. Zilin Ding and all "Mother Tiananmen Square", wish you all healthy and longevous
L'introduction des scientifiques couple Mme et M. Curie (vis-à-vis leurs tombeaux)
Introduction of Scientist Couple Ms & Mr. Curie (opposite to their Tombs)
Tombeaux de Mme et de M. Curie de couples de scientifiques
Tombs of Scientist Couple Ms & Mr. Curie
横梁上镌刻的一句话令人热血澎湃：‘伟人们，祖国感念你们！’（Aux Grands Hommes La Patrie Reconnaissante）
Panthéon ( Photo de courtoisie de Web )
Pantheon ( Courtesy photo from Web )
Honorables, Peu-Orthodoxe Sauge
Honorable, Unorthodox Sage
Photo Date : Mai 2006
Photo Date: May 2006
Photo Lieu de rendez-vous : Paris, Panthéon
Photo Venue : Paris, Pantheon
《Obsessive Genius － The Inner World of Marie Curie》
Author: Barbara Goldsmith
Tuesday, March 24, 2009 by Billy
[I have not found the time to write a blog about Marie Skłodowska Curie, as I thought of doing within the context of Ada Lovelace Day. I will use a subterfuge then: on March 8, 2008, for the International Women's Day, I posted an entry on my defunct blog on Yahoo! 360° that dealt with nine French Women who would deserve to rest in the Panthéon in Paris. The entry disappeared with that blog. Here it is again in this one. Granted, most of the women celebrated were not involved in technology. Yet everyone of them, each in her field, can be considered 'female role models' undoubtedly.]
— : — : — : — : — : —
The Panthéon — Paris, 8 March 2008
On the other hand, I don't believe a yearly celebration can change the way men consider women, or make a religion evolves. I find it cheaply gives people clear conscience sometimes: one Women's Day a year, and 364 (365 even, this year) uncelebrated Men's Days...
Anyway... I went to the Panthéon this morning to see the portraits of nine French female figureheads displayed on its facade to celebrate Women's Day, and take pictures myself.
Le Panthéon is a neoclassical monument on the top of the Montagne Sainte-Geneviève, in the 5th arrondissement of Paris. It was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve, the patron of the city. It is now the burial place for 'French National Heroes' (Pantheon in Greek means 'All the Gods'). The inscription in letters of gold above the entrance reads AUX GRANDS HOMMES LA PATRIE RECONNAISSANTE (To the great men [from] the grateful homeland).
The word Men here is supposed to mean Human beings, yet among the 73 honoured people buried here, there is only one woman, Marie Curie. Although it was definitely theoretical, I was interested to see which women the Parisian elites had considered deserving enough to be next to Mirabeau, Voltaire and Hugo. Here they are.
Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986 — philosopher and writer). An existentialist, she lived with Jean-Paul Sartre for several decades. She was among the most influential intellectuals in the second half of 20th century. Her book The second sex is regarded as a major feminist book.
Colette (1873-1954 — writer). Her literary talent was first exploited by her hu*****and Willy, but she became emancipated... and scandalous for a time (music-hall shows and overt affairs with men and women). She published around 50 novels, one can divide into idyllic natural tales and dark struggles in relationships and love.
Marie Curie (1867-1934 — Physicist) Born in Poland, Maria Skłodowska went to Paris aged 24 to study and became a naturalized French. At the Sorbonne, she met and married Pierre Curie. She won the Nobel Prize twice: in Physics in 1903 (discovery of radioactivity) and Chemistry in 1911 (discovery of Radium and Polonium).
Charlotte Delbo (1913-1985 — resistance fighter). She was arrested by the Nazis in 1942 and sent to Auschwitz concentration camp. She was one of the 49 women who survived. She wrote several books about it, including a biography of every prisoner who was with her in the convoy to Auschwitz.
Maria Deraismes (1828-1894 — politician and freemason). A figurehead of feminism, she was a republican (i.e. not royalist), antireligious politician. In 1893, she co-founded the first International Order of Mixed Freemasonry, advocating equality between women and men, Le Droit Humain.
Olympe de Gouges (1748-1793 — politician). She is regarded as one of the first French feminists. In her Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen, she challenged the practice of male authority and the notion of male-female inequality. She was executed by guillotine during the Reign of Terror.
Louise Michel (1830-1905 — politician). A revolutionary and an anarchist, she was active during the Paris Commune as an ambulance woman. After the Versaillais won, she was sentenced to deportation in New-Caledonia. She returned to Paris 7 years later and preached the revolution until her death, despite several stays in jail and exile in London.
George Sand (1804-1876 — writer) Born Aurore Dupin, she decided to take a male nick to be more easily published. She would dress as a man, smoke the pipe, ride like a man, yet she had tumultuous liaisons with Alfred de Musset and Frédéric Chopin. She was a feminist, asking for women's right to divorce and equality in civil rights.
Solitude (1772-1802 — fighter against slavery). In 1794, the revolution freed this mulatto slave. When Napoléon Bonaparte restored slavery in 1802, Solitude rose up in arms although she was pregnant. She was wounded, captured and sentenced to death. Her hanging was delayed until the day after she gave birth. Slavery in France was abolished for good in 1848 only.
初稿: 2006年10月 23日：
二稿 :2009年 6月 9 日：加入参考文献
三稿 :2009年 6月20 日：加入参考文献
四稿 : 最新稿：始终登载于小雨的博客上，请点击：http://blog.wenxuecity.com/blogview.php?date=200906&postID=27175